Periodontal refers to the zone surrounding a tooth. There is a common inflammatory disease called Periodontal disease, or gum disease as it is also known. Periodontal disease affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the teeth, as well as the jawbone itself when it reaches its most advanced stages.
In most cases, periodontal disease is preceded by gingivitis, which is a bacterial infection of the gums that causes irritation and inflammation. There are a number of factors which can lead to a bacterial infection of the gums, including toxins found in plaque poisoning the gum tissues and causing inflammation. As soon as the bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove it and treat it once it has colonized. The presence of periodontal disease is a condition that progresses in such a way that eventually, the jawbone and connective tissue are destroyed. In the long run, if untreated, it is possible that the teeth can shift, become loose, and eventually cause tooth loss if left untreated.
Adults within the developed world are most likely to lose their teeth due to periodontal disease, so it is imperative that the disease is treated as quickly as possible.
It is important to understand that gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) must be treated immediately if it is to be treated effectively. Whenever the gums become inflamed due to the toxins found in the plaque, the body responds by breaking down and destroying the own bone and soft tissues as a result of this chronic inflammatory response. In the early stages of periodontal disease, there may not be any symptoms, as tooth separation occurs when the gum tissue is infected and separates from the teeth. As a result of periodontal disease, deep pockets between the gums and the teeth are generally indicators that soft tissue and bone are being destroyed at a rapid rate.
The following are some of the most common types of periodontal disease:
In the case of Periodontitis, there are various treatments available
According to the condition of the teeth, gums, and jawbone, the periodontist may recommend a variety of surgical and nonsurgical treatments. The periodontist will conduct an extensive examination of the mouth before performing any treatment or recommending any treatment to the patient.
Periodontal disease can be treated in a number of different ways, including:
The dentist is the best person to ask about periodontal disease, periodontal treatment, or dental implants if you have any questions or concerns.
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