“Periodontics” is a dental specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease that affects the gums and jawbone. It is the gum tissues that surround and support the teeth, and the underlying jawbone that anchors the teeth firmly in place. A periodontist is a dentist who has completed additional training and is responsible for maintaining the function, health and aesthetics of the jawbone and tissues.
A periodontal disease is a progressive condition that begins with a mild inflammation of the gums, known as gingivitis. People living in developed countries are most likely to lose teeth as a result of this condition, and it should be taken very seriously. In most cases, periodontal disease (often called gum disease) is characterized by red, swollen, painful, or bleeding gums, although it can also have no symptoms at all.
In general, periodontal disease occurs when the bacteria living in plaque cause an infection in the tissues surrounding the teeth, causing them to become inflamed and painful. As a result of this infection, the jawbone will recede and the tooth will become loose.
Several factors may lead to the need for periodontal treatment:
The periodontist will focus on curing the underlying bacterial infection when treating mild/moderate periodontal problems and will then provide advice on the most appropriate methods for home cleaning.
It is sometimes necessary to perform a deep scaling in order to remove the bacterial plaque and calculus (tartar) from the teeth and tissues. It may be necessary to remove loose teeth that cannot be saved when periodontal disease has advanced and the jawbone has regressed significantly. More intensive cleaning may be recommended in these situations.
Periodontists are trained in all aspects of dental implant procedures, which may be able to restore functionality to the mouth when periodontitis has affected the teeth.
Because periodontitis is progressive, removing bacteria and calculus buildup is essential to halt its spread. It is your dentist’s responsibility to advise you on the most effective cleaning methods and treatment options available to you.
Our dentists pride themselves on putting your needs first and offering FREE PARKING — a rarity for downtown dentists. We care and we listen. Our dentists have years of experience and are here to serve your needs at every appointment. If you have a question about your smile or need a second opinion, we’re here to help.